I recently discovered the Patterns.dev website. On this site you can find a lot of patterns, tips and tricks for improving how you architect web applications (in React). Patterns.dev aims to be a catalog of patterns (for increasing awareness) rather than a checklist (what you must do).
Keep in mind, design patterns are descriptive, not prescriptive. They can guide you when facing a problem other developers have encountered many times before, but are not a blunt tool for jamming into every scenario.
The creators of the website have bundled a lot of these patterns in a free e-book: